Anti-Tobacco Advocates & Researchers
Anti-Tobacco Advocates & Researchers
[* Denotes documented RWJF funding]
Summary compiled by Wanda Hamilton
Ahluwalia, Jasjit* - Dept of Preventive Medicine and Dept. of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Kansas, Kansas City. RWJF Generalist Physician Faculty Scholars Award and recipient of honoraria and grant support from Glaxo Wellcome (makers of Zyban), SmithKline Beecham (makers of Nicorette and Nicoderm) AND Johnson & Johnson’s McNeil Consumer Products (makers of Nicotrol and other cessation products). Chair of Nominations Committee for Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco [SRNT].
Altman, David* - At Bowman Grey School of Medicine, Department of Public Health in Winston-Salem, NC. Served as a consultant and helped administer RWJF’s “Tobacco Policy Research & Evaluation Program.”
Arno, Peter S.* - Associate Professor, Dept. of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Montefiore Medical Center in the Bronx. Listed in RWJF’s media guide for “Ethical, social and Public Health Implications of Regulating Tobacco,” which was a “study” of the tobacco industry’s influence in weakening anti-tobacco legislation and litigation (and even the 60 Minutes Wigand show). Arno’s study blames tobacco industry campaign funding.
Benowitz, Neal - Prof. of medicine, UC San Francisco. A reviewer for Tobacco Control. A member discussion group chair for Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco [SRNT].
Bero, Lisa* - Assistant Professor, Institute for Health Policy Studies, UC San Francisco. A colleague of and sometimes co-publisher with Stanton Glantz. Listed in RWJF media guide for “Quality of Research on Environmental Tobacco Smoke by Different Sponsors.”
Bero has been given substantial RWJF for this project, the results of which were published in JAMA in l999. Basically the “study” says any studies conducted with tobacco funding are bad, but those conducted with other funding (ostensibly including pharmaceutical money from RWJF) are good. A reviewer for Tobacco Control.
Biener, Lois* - Senior Research Fellow, University of Massachusetts at Boston Center for Survey Research, Boston MA. Listed as a media contact in RWJF’s guide for “Survey on Responses to the Massachusetts Tobacco Control Program.” The survey would, among other things, “determine the characteristics of smokers who are most responsive to media messages and to determine which segments of the population are most likely to adopt anti-tobacco stances.” Biener received $220,152 from RWJF for that “study.” She is a frequent RWJF grantee who often publishes journal articles with other RWJF grantees.
Bloom, John L.* - Tobacco tax policy and international tobacco policy consultant, American Cancer Society. Manager of International Issues for Center for Tobacco-Free Kids. Lawyer and independent policy consultant, wrote “International Interests in U.S. Tobacco Legislation,” Policy Analysis No.3, the Health Science Analysis Project of the Advocacy Institute, funded by RWJF and the ACS.
Blum, Alan - Founder of anti-tobacco organization DOC [Doctors Ought to Care]. At Baylor University, Houston. An Honorary Board member of Americans for Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation.
Bristow, Lonnie - Became president of AMA in June l995 after serving as AMA board member since l985. Board member of the American Legacy Foundation l999 - Member of the federal Interagency Committee on Smoking and Health l988-l994. Has been quoted as saying he wants to drive the tobacco industry out of business: ‘This is what I call a black flag war,’ he said of the AMA’s [anti-tobacco] campaign. ‘You fly a black flag when you mean: no prisoners. We’re committed to running the tobacco industry out of town,’” [“For AMA a new leader and direction: Group planning war on tobacco,” Jane M. Adams, Miami Herald, 6/13/95, p. 1A].
With only 25% of U.S. physicians as full dues-paying members, only about one-third of the AMA’s annual $200 million budget comes from membership dues. The AMA has become increasingly dependent on federal funding, particularly from the Dept. of Health and Human Services and supported the Clinton healthcare proposal [“What’s behind AMA support for Clintoncare?” Phyllis Schlafly, Conservative Chronicle 9/23/98]. The AMA has also become increasingly dependent on money from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and administers the RWJF multimillion-dollar anti-tobacco SmokeLess States program, and the AMA and JAMA also get pharmaceutical industry funding.
Burns, David* - Prof. of Medicine, UC San Diego. Among RWJF-funded projects is an article on the tobacco settlement in Tobacco Control [“What Should Be the Elements of Any Settlement With the Tobacco Industry?” 6(1):1-4, l997] A former vice president of California Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation in l983 (along with Virginia Ernster) when co-founder Stanton Glantz was president of the organization, which later became Americans for Nonsmokers’ Rights.
Burke, James E. - CEO and Chairman of the Board of Johnson & Johnson from l976 to l989 (he joined J&J in l953 and rose up the corporate ladder to head the corporation). Now a board member of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Also a board member of the RWJF-funded Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse [CASA], Chairman of the Board for the RWJF-funded Partnership for a Drug-Free America, and a board member of the Washington Post.
Califano, Joseph* - President and founder of the Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse [CASA] at Columbia University, which has received primary and massive funding from RWJF. Califano was Jimmy Carter’s Secretary of Health, Education & Welfare, l977-79. An Honorary Board member of Americans for Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation.
Carol, Julia* - Co-Director of Americans for Nonsmokers’ Rights and ANR Foundation. Sat on the Koop/Kessler Advisory Committee on Tobacco Policy and Public Health. Also sat on the Special Review Committee, which approved the NCI grant to Richard Daynard to assist in anti-tobacco litigation. Close associate with Stanton Glantz, co-founder and former head of ANR.
Chaloupka, Frank* - Assoc. Prof., economics dept., University of Illinois at Chicago; Faculty Research Fellow, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc., North Aurora, Illinois. Very heavily funded by RWJF and listed as media contact in RWJF guide for “Tobacco Prices, Restrictions, and Use Among Youth.” Chaloupka’ study, which was published by none other than the National Bureau of Economic Research, according to a 7/19/96 Tobacco-Free Kids press release for it, found that a 75-cent per pack increase in price would have cut overall youth smoking in half during the l992-l994 Monitoring the Future Youth Survey years. Wherever there is talk of raising tobacco and alcohol taxes, there is Frank Chaloupka to generate the figures.
Chaloupka is a scientific core group member of RWJF’s Research Network on the Etiology of Tobacco Dependence [TERN]. He also wrote Chp. 6 [“Economic Interventions”] for the l998 S.G.’s report, “The Context for Change: The Efficacy of Interventions for Smoking Prevention and Control,” and “Effect of Tobacco Taxation” for the l994 S.G.’s report. Chaloupka has received funding not only from RWJF, but also from the NCI (for the ASSIST program and other tobacco control projects), from NIDA, from SAMHA, from the CDC, from the ACS, and from the ALA. The Monitoring the Future Youth Survey (on tobacco, alcohol and drug use) is funded by RWJF. He lists himself as a consultant to the World Bank’s Human Development Department (l997- ), the American Cancer Society’s Tobacco Tax Policy Project (l996 - ), the National Cancer Institute (1991- ), the RWJF (l993 - ), Audits & Surveys (l993 - ), the CDC’s Office on Smoking and Health (l993 - ) and the EPA, Indoor Air Division (l994-95).
With Kenneth Warner and others, he wrote “Criteria for Determining an Optimal Cigarette Tax,” published in Tobacco Control in l995 [Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 380-386]. He is also a
Reviewer for and Associate Editor of (“Economics of tobacco use, tobacco related disease, and tobacco control”) Tobacco Control, and he is a member of the Illinois Coalition Against Tobacco, (coalition of ACS, ALA, AHA and others) which received a RWJF grant of $1 million in l994.
Cherner, Joe* - Founder and head of SmokeFree Educational Services in NYC. Very active in attempting to push smoking bans in New York as policy chair for the Coalition for a Smoke-Free City. Cherner is one of the zealots who want smoking bans virtually everywhere.
Clayton, Richard* - Director, Center for Prevention Research, University of Kentucky. Program Director for RWJF’s Research Network on the Etiology of Tobacco Dependence. Network chair of RWJF’s TERN [Tobacco Etiology Research Network]. Clayton has suggested that schools go beyond health messages to “environmental strategies.” “For instance, he says, principals could pretend the faculty restrooms are broken, and force teachers to share the students’ restrooms, which would mean fewer kids sneaking in there to smoke” [“The Rehooked Generation: How Do We Help Them Stop?”, by David Ansley, onhealth.com, 11/19/98]
Connolly, Gregory – Dentist. Director, Massachusetts Tobacco Control Program [and the Health Protection Fund], Mass. Dept. of Public Health, in which capacity he oversees a current budget of about $58 million. Adviser to WHO’s Panel on Smoking and Health. Ex-officio member of the board of directors of the American Legacy Foundation. Chair of the RWJF funded 11th World Conference on Smoking & Health (Chicago, 2000). Associate Editor on “Politics of tobacco control” and reviewer for journal Tobacco Control. Involved in tobacco control since ca. l985. As has RWJF, the “Health Protection Fund” has funded joint work by Michael Siegel and Lois Biener. He also sat on the Special Review Committee for NCI’s grant to Richard Daynard to assist in anti-tobacco litigation.
Cummings, K. Michael* - Sr. Research Scientist, Dept. of Cancer Control & Epidemiology, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo NY. Also “Research Scientist” with Health Research, Inc. of Buffalo. Listed in RWJF’s media guide for his “Assessment of the Effects of New York City’s Smoke-Free Restaurant Law on Sales and Consumer Attitudes and Behavior,” which would study tax receipt data to determine the economic impact of the ban and would conduct a survey to gauge consumers’ and restaurant owners’ response to the law and determine steps needed for them to comply with the law. Results were expected in l998. Cummings received $183,133 from RWJF for this “study.”
Cummings is heavily funded by RWJF and has even co-authored an article with RWJF’s C. Tracy Orleans, which was published in the Nov/Dec l999 issue of the American Journal of Health Promotion. The article focused heavily on cessation treatments and products and advocated more research on cessation as well as continued tobacco tax increases, counter advertising, and anti-tobacco “advocacy” (lobbying). Cummings, has written the same message before (i.e. in his RWJF-funded “Environmental and Policy Influences on Tobacco Use,” published in the Winter l998 issue of Tobacco Control, for which he got a cool $126,593 from RWJF).
Curry, Susan J *- Scientific Investigator, Center for Health Studies, Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound, WA. The cooperative has received RWJF funding for “studying” tobacco cessation/control in HMOs. She is listed in the RWJF media guide for her project to examine the cost-effectiveness for HMOs to cover the cost of cessation programs [“Impact of Co-Payments on Use of Smoking Cessation Services in an HMO”].
Davis, Ron* - Director of the Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Henry Ford Health System in Detroit, MI. North American editor of the British Medical Journal. Former editor of Tobacco Control. Former head of CDC’s Office on Smoking and Health. Member of the RWJF-funded l999 Conference Advisory Committee for the American Association of Health Plans’ conference on tobacco control and a presenter at the 2000 conference. Davis is listed as a media contact in RWJF’s media handbook and was awarded $323,254 by RWJF for an “Assessment of Public Opinion on Tobacco Control Policies in Michigan.” In the April 24,l996 edition of JAMA, Davis wrote an editorial listing RWJF’s support of tobacco control as one of the major assets of the anti-tobacco “community.” He was also the Chair of the Special Review Committee, which approved the NCI grant to Richard Daynard to assist in anti-tobacco litigation.
Daynard, Richard* - President, Tobacco Control Resource Center, Inc., and Chair, Tobacco Products Liability Project, Northeastern University Law School, Boston Mass. Editor of the Tobacco Products Litigation Reporter. He has advised or consulted with most plaintiff attorneys suing tobacco companies over the years and consulted with state attorneys general and private attorneys in the state lawsuits against the tobacco industry, and has sued some of the private attorneys for a share of the money, though he and his TCRC received a $1.1 million grant from the National Cancer Institute to assist with those lawsuits (and others). He and TPLP have also received funding from the CDC for their hosting of annual conferences for anti-tobacco litigators
Daynard has also received a hundreds of thousands of dollars in RWJF grants and is listed in RWJF’s media guide for his RWJF-funded study, “Analysis of the Implications of the Americans With Disabilities Act for Environmental Tobacco Smoke Policy” (or how to use the ADA to force tobacco ban legislation and also conduct litigation). Associate editor for “Litigation” and reviewer for Tobacco Control. Sat on the RWJF-funded Koop/Kessler Advisory Committee on Tobacco Policy and Public Health. Though he is not an engineer and has no credentials, he has managed to become a voting member of and advisor to ASHRAE [American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers]. Advisor to WHO. President GASP Massachusetts since l983. Board of Directors for STAT [Stop Teenage Addiction to Tobacco] Board of Directors American Nonsmokers’ Rights (and ANRF).
DiFranza, Joseph* - Prof. Dept. of family and community medicine, University of Massachusetts (Worcester, Mass). Reviewer for Tobacco Control. He also sat on the Special Review Committee, which approved the NCI grant to Richard Daynard to assist in anti-tobacco litigation. With funding from RWJF DiFranza investigated state compliance with a 1992 law [the Synar Regulation] cracking down on tobacco sales to youth. DiFranza found most states and even the Department of Health and Human Services in violation of the statutory requirements of the law [the results of his police work were published in his article in the Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine in Oct. l999].
Douglas, Cliff - President, Tobacco Control Law & Policy Consulting, Evanston, Ill.
Eriksen, Michael - Director of CDC’s Office on Smoking and Health. Served on the Board of Directors of Americans for Nonsmokers’ Rights until he resigned in l991.
Ernster, Virginia - Prof. of epidemiology, Dept. of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine, UC San Francisco. Tobacco advertising and women. A Vice President of California Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation in 1983 (along with David Burns), when Stanton Glantz was President of the organization, which later became ANRF. Ernster was given a CA Prop 99 grant of $528,147 to study “Cigarette Smoking & Facial Wrinkling” [Annual Report to the State of California Legislature l993, Univ. of California, “Tobacco-Related Disease Research Program”].
Fiore, Michael* - Director, Center for Tobacco Research and Intervention, University of Wisconsin Medical School (Madison, WI). One of principal investigators with RWJF/NCI/NIDA $14.5 million (RWJF provided $14 million of the total) Transdisciplinary Tobacco Use Research Centers. Has received funding from Glaxo Wellcome and RWJF. His recent Preventive Medicine article, “Cost-Benefit Analysis of Sustained-Release Bupropion, Nicotine Patch or Both for Smoking Cessation” [Mar 2000, Vol. 30, No. 3], which found that bupropion [Zyban] was a more cost-beneficial smoking cessation intervention than the nicotine patch was funded by Glaxo Wellcome, makers of Zyban.
Flora, Jane A.* - Associate Director, Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford Univ. School of Medicine. Listed in RWJF media guide for study, “Advertising/Promotion Influences on Adolescent Perceptions of Smoking.” More in the “advertising, promotional items, and movies cause kids to smoke” vein.
Galanter, Marc* - Director, Institute for Legal Studies, University of Wisconsin-Madison Law School. Received a $288,967 RWJF grant in l994 for “Assessing the Potential Contribution of Lawsuits in Controlling Tobacco Risks.”
Garner, Don* - Professor of Law, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, School of Law. Listed on RWJF’s media guide and funded by RWJF to write a “Model Municipal Ordinance Prohibiting Cigarette Billboards.” Garner helped cities draft legislation to ban tobacco billboards and restrict tobacco ad placement. The “model” ordinance was mailed to 1000 state municipalities and “citizens groups.” Garner is also a reviewer for Tobacco Control. Interestingly, back in l991, prior to getting RWJF funding, Garner said job discrimination against smokers was an unfair labor practice: “‘ More and more, smokers [comprise] minorities, women and the poor,’ he said. ‘To take job opportunities away from a population that needs more job opportunities strikes me as an unfair labor practice.’” And he continued in that vein talking about employers dictating the private but unhealthy behavioral choices of employees: “It’s in a sense Nazi-like in its extreme desire for purity.... Or do you recognize we all sin, all fall short of the glory of God, and take a softer approach?” [“Bosses Snoop into Private Lives, Alan Sipress, Pittsburgh Press, 4/7/91].
Garrison, John - American Lung Association. Sat on the RWJF-funded “Koop/Kessler” Advisory Committee on Tobacco Policy and Public Health.
Giovino, Gary - CDC’s Office on Smoking and Health chief of epidemiology until l999. Now at Roswell Park in Buffalo, he is a colleague of Michael Cummings. An executive officer of Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco [SRNT] and RWJF’s Tobacco Etiology Research Network [TERN]. A Senior Editor of Tobacco Control.
Goldstein, Adam* - Clinical Asst. Professor, Department of Family Medicine, UNC Chapel Hill. Listed as a contact in RWJF’s media guide for “Attitudes of State Legislators Toward Tobacco and Tobacco Control Policies.”
Gottlieb, Mark* - Associate of Richard Daynard on staff of the Tobacco Products Liability Project and Tobacco Control Resource Center at Northeastern University Law School in Boston, Mass. Specialty is use of the Americans with Disabilities Act [ADA} to promote smoking bans and to bring lawsuits.
Grossman, Michael* - Prof. of Economics, City University of New York Graduate School and Research Associate and Program Director of Health Economics Research, National Bureau of Economic Research. A close professional associate of Frank Chaloupka with whom he has conducted numerous studies on tobacco and alcohol taxes and with whom he has published many tobacco-related articles and op-eds and letters to the editor, the subject of which is almost always a call for higher tobacco taxes. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Medicine (l990- ).
Gruman, Jesse* - Founding Executive Director of the Center for the Advancement of Health (CFAH), begun in l992 to “promote a view of health that recognizes the role of psychological, behavioral and social factors in personal and public health services.” Prior to becoming CFAH’s CEO, Gruman designed and directed NCI’s anti-tobacco ASSIST program, which developed and funded anti-tobacco coalitions in 17 states (coalitions headed by ACS, ALA, AHA). From l986 to l988, Gruman was the National Director of Public Education for the American Cancer Society. The CFAH also publishes the American Journal of Health Promotion.
Gutman, Marjorie* - Director, Prevention Research, Treatment Research Institute, University of Pennsylvania. “Special Consultant’ to RWJF for the Tobacco Etiology Research Network [TERN]. RWJF’s Senior Program Officer for the Research Network Initiative on the Etiology of Tobacco Dependence (begun by RWJF in l996).
Hafner, Dudley - American Heart Association. Sat on the RWJF-funded “Koop/Kessler” Advisory Committee on Tobacco Policy and Public Health.
Harty, Kathy* - AMA’s Deputy Director of RWJF’s SmokeLess States Project. Was offered (and presumably accepted) the position of executive director for Minnesota’s $202 million foundation Partnership for Action Against Tobacco, funded by money from the state’s settlement with the tobacco industry.
Hatsukami, Dorothy* - Prof., Dept. of Psychiatry and Director of the Tobacco Research Program at the University ofMinnesota. One of researchers funded by RWJF/NCI/NIDA Transdisciplinary Tobacco Use Research Centers. President of Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco [SRNT].
Henningfield, Jack* - Former Chief, clinical pharmacology for the National Institute on Drug Abuse [NIDA]. Now an Assoc. Prof. of behavioral biology at Johns Hopkins University Medical School and Vice-Pres. for Research and Health Policy at Pinney Associates (Bethesda, MD), which does consulting and research and health policy. Associate editor for “Addiction and pharmacology” and a reviewer for Tobacco Control. An officer and past president of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco [SRNT], and a core member of RWJF’s Tobacco Etiology Research Network [TERN].
Hobart, Robin - Co-Director of American Nonsmokers’ Rights Assn. and ANR Foundation.
Hoffmann, Dietrich - Associate Director, American Health Foundation, Valhalla, NY. Worked on many U.S. Surgeon General’s reports.
Houston, Tom* - AMA’s Director of the Department of preventive medicine and environmental health, in which capacity he develops policy for the AMA and physicians on tobacco and smoking issues and drafts, introduces and testifies on tobacco legislation. Also is National Program Director of RWJF’s heavily funded SmokeLess States Initiative.
He acknowledges that he and the AMA get funding from the pharmaceutical industry, specifically makers of cessation products. Also sat on the RWJF-funded “Koop/Kessler” Advisory Committee on Tobacco Policy and Public Health.
Hughes, John - Prof. of psychiatry, psychology and family practice, University of Vermont, Dept. of Psychiatry. Cessation [Columbia Journalism Review media handbook says his specialty is “nicotine withdrawal, drug therapies and patches to help people quit smoking.”]. Member of and a spokesman for SRNT [Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco]
Hurt, Richard - Director, Nicotine Dependence Center, and Nicotine Research Center, Mayo Clinic, Rochester Minn. Cessation.
Kauffman, Nancy, RN* - Vice-President of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Represented the RWJF on the federal Interagency Committee on Smoking and Health beginning in l995. Also assisted with SCARCnet.
Keeler, Theodore* - Professor, University of California at Berkeley. Listed in RWJF media guide for “Analysis of Ways to Enhance Smoking Cessation and Deterrence Programs Directed at Individuals,” which investigated the effect of government-imposed restrictions on the marketing and availability of smoking cessation aides such as the patch and gum. The study findings were expected in the fall of l998. [And subsequently the FDA approved J&J’s Nicotrol for over-the-counter sale in record time, ahead of its competitors’ products.]
Kelder, Graham* - Associate of Richard Daynard at Tobacco Products Liability Project and Tobacco Control Resource Center at Northeastern University Law School. His specialty is defending cities and towns in smoking ban lawsuits.
Kilbourne, Jean - Media Education Foundation (Northhampton, Mass). Author of the Foundation’s “Pack of Lies: The Advertising of Tobacco.”
Kropp, Rick* - Executive Director, North Bay Health Resources Center, Inc in Petaluma, CA. Listed in RWJF’s media guide for “Study of Ways to Reduce Tobacco Sales to Minors.”
Lando, Harry - Professor, division of epidemiology, University of Minnesota. Cessation. A reviewer for Tobacco Control.
Lee, Philip R. Assistant secretary designate for health, DHHS. Oversees FDA, CDC and National Institutes of Health.
Lichtenstein, Edward - Researcher, Oregon Research Institute (Eugene, OR). Field is smoking cessation clinics and the role of doctors in cessation. A reviewer for Tobacco Control.
Manley, Mark - Office of the Surgeon General, Chief, public health applications, research branch, National Cancer Institute.
McGinnis, J. Michael* - In l997 he was hired as a consultant to RWJF to “help the Foundation expand its knowledge base of effective behavior interventions and their link to advances in biomedicine and human genetics” [RWJF “Advances,” Issue 1, l997]. Prior to being hired by RWJF, McGinnis was Dept. of Health and Human Services, Disease Prevention and Health Promotion deputy assistant secretary for health and was assistant surgeon general. He is also a consultant to the National Academy of Sciences, the WHO, and The Woodrow Wilson School of Government at Princeton.
Miller, Leonard S. * - Professor, UC Berkeley, School of Social Welfare. Listed in RWJF media guide for a study entitled, “Determining Current Costs of Cigarette Smoking,” which estimated the smoking-attributable Medicaid expenditures in all 50 states (in preparation for state suits?). Completed in March l996, the “study” found that the state expenditures averaged about 5.64 percent of the state Medicaid budgets from l980 to l993.
Montgomery, Kathryn* - President, Center for Media Education, Washington, DC. Listed in RWJF media guide for “Analysis of Alcohol and Tobacco Companies’ Use of Electronic Communications for Marketing.” Results were expected to appear in late l996. [And now there is a push to get online tobacco marketing banned--because of the “kids,” of course].
Morrison, Alan* - Co-Founder, Public Citizen Foundation, Inc., Washington, DC. Listed in RWJF media guide for “Research on Laws Regulating Tobacco Products,” which provided an “analysis of the constitutionality of the FDA’s proposal to regulate tobacco products.” Naturally, the analysis found that it was perfectly consistent with the Constitution for the FDA to restrict tobacco advertising targeted at youth [and isn’t it ALL targeted at youth, according to the antis?], though it questioned whether the FDA could constitutionally compel the tobacco industry to underwrite an anti-tobacco public education program.
Myers, Matt* - Executive Vice President and General Counsel for Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. In the early 80s he was in charge of the Federal Trade Commission’s tobacco advertising program. According to the l996 Colombia Journalism Review’s “Covering Tobacco” media handbook, Myers was involved “on most of the tobacco legislation to come out of Washington in the last decade.” Served for 10 years as staff director of the Coalition on Smoking or Health (anti-tobacco coalition of ACS, ALA, AHA) until it morphed into the RWJF-funded Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids in l996.
Was also a partner in the Washington, D.C. law firm of Asbill, Junkin & Myers until 1996. He was a key participant in the initial national tobacco settlement talks, and sat on the RWJF-funded Koop/Kessler Advisory Committee on Tobacco Policy and Public Health.
Ockene, Judith - Director, Dept. of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School in Worcester, Mass, which has received many RWJF grants. An executive officer of Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco [SRNT]. Sat on the federal Interagency Committee on Smoking and Health from its first official meetings in l986 through l988.
O’Keefe, Ann Marie* - Vice President, Board of Directors, American Nonsmokers’ Rights and ANR Foundation. Also with Prospect Associates (recipient of many federal Contracts). Also sat on the review committee for Richard Daynard’s NCI grant to assist in anti-tobacco litigation.
Orleans, C. Tracy* - Senior Program Officer for the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Associate Editor “Smoking cessation” of and reviewer for Tobacco Control. Has co-edited a book with John Slade [“Nicotine Addiction”, NY; Oxford University Press, l993] and has authored a number of journal articles, both alone and with such big RWJF grantees as Michael Cummings.
Pertschuk, Mark* - President, Board of Directors, American Nonsmokers’ Rights and ANR Foundation.
Pertschuk, Michael* - Co-Director and co-founder of the Advocacy Institute (A.I. founded in l984, the same year the federal Interagency Committee on Smoking and Health was established). Former Chair of the Federal Trade Commission under the Carter administration (1977-81). He was considered too radical by many legislators and was replaced as head of the FTC, though he continued to serve as an FTC commissioner through l983 and, among other things, monitored tobacco advertising. As a congressional staff member in the 1960s and 70s, he helped develop the legislation for warning labels on cigarette packs and the TV ad ban.
An expert spinmeister, Pertschuk helped develop the “Bork Bork” campaign against the appointment of Robert Bork to the Supreme Court. In l989 he and the A.I. produced “Media Strategies for Smoking Control: Guidelines” for the NIH (and funded by NIH). The handbook states that behind every story detailing the “risks” of ETS could be found “[a] scientist wise in the way of ‘creative epidemiology,’ i.e., the presentation of data--both scientifically sound and artful--so as to catch the glint of media attention.” The report describes “creative epidemiology” thus: “Michael Daube, who coined the term, defines creative epidemiology as ‘the ability of the good epidemiologist to rework data so that what is essentially the same information can be presented in a new and interesting form.’ Thus creative epidemiology marries the science of the researcher with the art and creativity of the media advocate,” (p. 21-22).
Under a $4 million sub-contract for the National Cancer Institute, he developed and managed the encrypted anti-tobacco electronic communications network SCARCnet. He also developed SCARCnet’s international equivalent, Globalnet. He was also a member of the RWJF-funded “Koop-Kessler” advisory committee on the original tobacco settlement, and the A.I. has directly received funding from RWJF. He is an honorary board member of Americans for Nonsmokers Rights.
Pierce, John - The Cancer Prevention and Control Program at UC San Diego. A reviewer for Tobacco Control.
Pinney, Joe* - President of Pinney Associates, Inc., which does private consulting (Jack Henningfield is one of the associates). Formerly at the CDC’s Office on Smoking and Health. One of the primary (and most active) board members of the Society for Research in Nicotine and Tobacco [SRNT]. Pinney Associates has received grant/contract funding from RWJF and Pinney is currently a consultant to SmithKline Beecham for their $100 million ad campaign for Nicoderm. Pinney has only a B.A. degree.
Pope, Gregory *- Center for Health Economics Research, Inc., Waltham, MA. Listed in RWJF media guide for “Study of the Adoption and Economic Effects of Smoke-free Restaurant Ordinances in Massachusetts.” Results were expected in early l997.
Rabin, Robert* - Professor of law at Stanford University Law School. Served as Senior Consultant for RWJF’s “Tobacco and substance abuse policy program.”
Rigotti, Nancy* - Founder and Director of Tobacco Research and Treatment Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston MA. A scientific editor for the l989 S.G.’s report on tobacco, for which Kenneth Warner was the Chief Scientific Editor. Listed in RWJF media guide for RWJF grant on “Does Active Enforcement of Tobacco Sales Laws Reduce Adolescents’ Smoking?” Has done a number of studies funded by RWJF, including: “Impediments to the enforcement of youth access laws” [with Joseph DiFranza, Tobacco Control, l999 Summer;8(2):152-5]. Also does studies and writes articles such as the Mass. ACS and NCI-funded “The use of nicotine-replacement therapy by hospitalized smokers” [Rigotti, Arnsten J, McKool K, Wood-Reid K, et al, American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Nov 1999;17(4),255-259] supporting use of pharmaceutical cessation products. Was a member of a research team at the Institute for the Study of Smoking, Behavior and Policy at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government for five years in the 80s until the Institute closed in 1990. With regard to underage smoking: “Since prevention isn’t working, we need to focus on cessation,” [“The Rehooked Generation: How Do We Help Them Stop?” by David Ansley, onhealth.com, 11/19/98]. An executive officer of SRNT.
Samet, Jonathan - Chair, Dept. of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health. Funded by SmithKline Beecham in carrying out China’s Third National Survey on Smoking, which was presented at the 10th World Conference on Smoking and Health at Beijing in August l997. SmithKline Beecham, world’s leading marketer of smoking cessation products and programs, also funded the Johns Hopkins Institute for Global Tobacco Control in the School of Public Health (launched 5/29/98). Samet was one of the consulting editors for the l986 Surgeon General’s report [health effects of ETS] released by C. Everett Koop. He is an Associate Editor for “Health effects of tobacco use” and a reviewer for Tobacco Control.
Schroeder, Steven - President and CEO of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Recruited by RWJF in l989 from UC San Francisco (academic home of zealot Stanton Glantz), Schroeder became the president of RWJF in l990. Under his leadership, by l991 the foundation developed a new focus on combating tobacco use, alcohol and substance abuse as a priority. Schroeder also is on the staff of the Robert Wood Johnson Medical School at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, where John Slade, a benefactor of many RWJF grants, is also on staff.
In his President’s Message in the l997 RWJF Annual Report, Shroeder wrote: “In the case of the proposed tobacco settlement, it appears that the Foundation was one of a number of actors that elevated the prominence of tobacco as a national policy issue. It accomplished this by funding research, policy analysis, public opinion polls and articulate spokesmen who could highlight the health risks of smoking as well as the addictive nature of tobacco. In addition, The [RWJF-funded] National Center for Tobacco-Free Kids helped to broker the settlement itself.”
Under Schroeder’s leadership, the RWJF has pushed for higher and higher tobacco taxes, FDA regulation of tobacco, more anti-tobacco litigation, and more use of and prominence for and access to cessation products (such as Johnson & Johnson’s products).
Schroeder is now one of the 11 board members of the American Legacy Foundation, the $200 million a year anti-tobacco entity created by the tobacco settlement and funded by
American smokers via higher tobacco product prices. Also on the board are Kenneth Warner, who has been so heavily funded by RWJF that he might as well be an employee, and Lonnie Bristow, former president of the American Medical Association, which is heavily funded by RWJF and the pharmaceutical industry. Since RWJF’s primary worth is its ownership of Johnson & Johnson stocks (it is the single largest shareholder), Schroeder’s presence on the ALF board of directors seems like a major conflict of interest.
Seffrin, John - Executive & Chief Staff Officer, American Cancer Society. Was a member of the federal Interagency Committee on Smoking and Health 1988 -1993. The ACS is the named recipient of many of RWJF’s SmokeLess States awards and is also the lead non-governmental head of most state anti-tobacco coalitions, funded by RWJF, NCI (ASSIST) and CDC (IMPACT). Also sat on the RWJF-funded “Koop/Kessler” Advisory Committee on Tobacco Policy and Public Health at the time of the original tobacco settlement.
Shiffman, Saul * - Prof. of psychology, smoking research group, University of Pittsburgh. Is a member of RWJF’s TERN [Tobacco Etiology Research Network] and the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco [SRNT].
Shopland, Don - Coordinator of the National Cancer Institute’s Smoking & Tobacco Control Program. He has worked on every Surgeon General’s report to come out since the first one in l964 and was Acting Director of CDC’s Office on Smoking and Health from l985-87 and as such helped initiate the Interagency Committee on Smoking and Health, which began in l986. Actively involved with NCI’s ASSIST program. A reviewer for Tobacco Control.
Siegel, Michael - Research Associate, Social and Behavioral Sciences Department, Boston University School of Public Health. He spent two years at the CDC’s Office on Smoking and Health, and prior to that was Preventive Medicine resident at UC Berkeley. Member of the Board of Directors of American Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation until he resigned early in 2000, possibly because of the public emergence of the news of ANR’s tax-funded “enemies” list, though his resignation came immediately after he was challenged over a false accusation against Robert Levy of the Cato Institute which appeared in an article (signed by Siegel) on ANR’s website. The article itself proposed using smears to deflate scientific challenges to anti-tobacco junk science rather than debating on scientific grounds. A reviewer for Tobacco Control, Siegel has also worked with Lois Biener to do studies, which support Massachusetts’ heavily funded anti-tobacco program, which is headed by Greg Connolly.
Sitzer, Maxine - Prof. Dept. of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine. Committee Chair, Society of Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (Scientific Liaison: Public Policy Council).
Slade, John* - Assoc. Prof. Dept of Med., Univ. of Medicine & Dentistry of New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School (St. Peter’s Medical Center). Slade has been a key organizer of an annual addiction medicine conference, and has promoted FDA regulation of tobacco since the late 80s. He has received numerous RWJF grants and co-edited a book with RWJF’s C. Tracy Orleans [“Nicotine Addiction,” NY: Oxford University Press, l993]. Is listed in RWJF’s media guide for his “Analysis of Whether Tobacco Meets the Legal Definition of a Drug,” which Slade says it does. The analysis was submitted to the FDA in l996 on behalf of the American Society of Addiction Medicine. Slade is also an Associate Editor, “Legislation and regulation” and reviewer for Tobacco Control.
Sopenski, Judy* - Executive Director of Stop Teenage Addiction to Tobacco [STAT], which was among the first organizations to be given a tobacco control grant from RWJF when tobacco became one of its focus areas in l991-92. STAT is based in Springfield, Mass. and is one of the first anti-tobacco programs to utilize children in its activist approach. Also sat on the RWJF-funded “Koop/Kessler” Advisory Committee on Tobacco Policy and Public Health.
Sweda, Ed* - Associate of Richard Daynard at the Tobacco Control Resource Center and the Tobacco Products Liability Project at Northeastern University Law School in Boston. His specialty is ETS lawsuits.
Thun, Michael - American Cancer Society vice president for Epidemiology and Surveillance Research. A reviewer for Tobacco Control.
Warner, Kenneth* - Prof. and Chair, Dept. of Public Health Policy and Administration, Univ. of Michigan at Ann Arbor. Warner is a reviewer for Tobacco Control and has received enormous RWJF funding and is listed in RWJF media guide for his study, “The Employment Implications of Declining Tobacco Product Sales for the Regional Economies of the U.S.” Essentially, the study says that there won’t be economic loss in most states if tobacco goes under because people will spend the money on other things. It acknowledges that the 6 major tobacco-producing states would be affected, but that it wouldn’t be as bad as expected and the gains in other states would be worth the loss in the Southeast. Warner has continually worked on studies, which minimize the economic effects of tobacco bans and declining tobacco sales. The most recent was in the Spring 2000 issue of Tobacco Control [“The economics of tobacco: myths and realities,” 9:78-89]. It was funded by the RWJF and Warner thanks Frank Chaloupka and Gary Giovino for their assistance.
In addition to multiple grants, Warner heads one of RWJF’s continuing programs and is an apparently tireless flack for raising prices and for widespread use of cessation products (including medical insurance coverage of them). He was quoted in the L.A. Times Washington Edition [“Tobacco Ads’ Impact Debatable, Except to Some Lawmakers,” Alissa Rubin, 3/19/98]: “Increasing the price of cigarettes--a lot--is far and away the most important thing we can do to reduce youth smoking.” His RWJF-funded study on the “Cost Effectiveness of Smoking Cessation Therapies: Interpretation of the Evidence and Implications for Coverage,” appeared in Pharmaco-Economics in l997 [11(6):538-549]. Another RWJF-funded study touting nicotine replacement products by Warner, John Slade (another RWJF grantee) and David Sweanor of the Canadian Nonsmokers’ Rights Association appeared in JAMA in l997 [“The emerging market for long-term nicotine maintenance,” 278( 13):1087-1092]. The article depicted the tobacco industry as the bad guys who were trying to maintain nicotine dependence and the pharmaceutical industry as the good guys who were delivering nicotine therapeutically to help people quit smoking or who would vie with the tobacco industry for the long-term nicotine maintenance market.
Warner is one of the 11 members of the board of the American Legacy Foundation, along with RWJF CEO Steven Schroeder, which essentially means RWJF gets two votes on every issue and that RWJF has VERY heavy input in policy decisions. Will ALF become a $200 million vehicle for promoting Johnson & Johnson’s (and other pharmaceutical companies’) cessation products?
Whelan, Elizabeth* - President of American Council on Science and Health [ACSH], a private public policy advocacy group funded by various special interests, including the chemical and pharmaceutical industries and foundations such as RWJF (Whelan says foundation grants account for 40-55% of ACSH funding for any given year). Whelan is a close personal associate of C. Everette Koop and supported his going after tobacco. ACSH’s “Tackling Tobacco” project is funded by Nicorette gum, a product of SmithKline Beecham. Whelan is quick to defend the pharmaceutical industry and just as quick to attack tobacco.
Wilbur, Phil* - Advocacy Institute and R.O.W. Sciences.
Wolfe, Chuck - Current director of the American Legacy Foundation. Head of Florida’s “Truth” campaign during its first year when one of its tactics involved encouragement of teens making harassing phone calls as a form of tobacco control. Resigned (reportedly under pressure) in the spring of l999.