OECD

Appendix
The Data And Further

NOTES ON ITS PREPARATION

Availability of data

All the data needed to replicate the regressions reported, are printed in this Appendix. This 'regression input' data, e.g. the real price of tobacco in 1990 US dollars, was calculated from raw data as it appears in various publications. For those who wish to analyse the regression input data in their own way, or who wish to check that the raw data have been correctly extracted and manipulated into the regression input data, a free IBM PC floppy disk containing both raw and regression data in ASCII files is available. Please contact the author at Abbey Management Services, 2 Lesley Court, Strutton Ground, London SW1, United Kingdom. Phone +44 71 222 7480, Fax +44 71 233 2107. Please state whether a 3.5 or 5.25 inch disk is required. [The regression data as an ASCII file, attached by MIME, is available on request from e-mail:mikestrt@dircon.co.uk. Please state your full name and postal address.]

 

The OECD data

Data on private final consumption expenditure (PFCE) on tobacco was taken from OECD National Accounts Detailed Tables Volume 2, e.g. OECD (1991a). These volumes generally contain the latest available 13 years. As the figures are subject to revision after being published, generally at the five year intervals at which the base year for expressing constant prices changes, the data was extracted from the last volume in which a set of years was published. Data for 1964 to 1973 was extracted from the 1983 volume, for 1973 to 1977 from the 1987 volume, and 1977 to 1989 from the latest available, 1991, volume.

Earlier PFCE's at constant prices were converted to the prices in the latest volume by multiplying by the ratio of the constant price PFCE given in the later volume to the constant price PFCE given in the earlier volume for the overlap year. As not all countries reported PFCE's at constant prices in the latest volume at 1985 prices, those that were not were converted to 1985 prices by multiplying by the GDP price index for 1985 and dividing by the GDP price index for the year in which they were expressed. Note that this does not affect any year on year changes in either the tobacco consumption or real price series.

Sweden

Figures for 1977 to 1979 did not appear in the 1991 volume, as they did for other countries. Therefore figures for these years were taken from the 1983 volume.

United Kingdom

Figures published in both OECD (1991a) and United Kingdom Central Statistical Office (1988), and indeed all other years for both publications, show an 8.2 per cent rise in PFCE on tobacco at constant prices in 1978. As, taken with the 7.1 per cent rise in current price PFCE, this implies a decrease in actual price, the Central Statistical Office was contacted. After investigation, they supplied corrected figures for constant price PFCE on tobacco which have been used. The corrected figures show a 0.1 per cent decline, implying a more plausible 7.2 per cent rise in actual prices in 1978. This correction would subsequently appear in print were it not for the fact that 1977 will drop out of both publications in their next issues.

 

Non-OECD data

Where no data has been published by the OECD, use was made of data directly obtained from each country. As explained earlier, a complete 'direct' data set covering 1964 to 1990, for all 22 countries, had been created for the purpose of this study. The direct data set however was based on cigarettes, both manufactured and hand rolled, rather than tobacco. The direct data was used for two of the ban countries.

Iceland

For Iceland non-OECD data was used for 1973 to 1976, and 1988 to 1989. Cigarette consumption and retail price data were supplied by ATVR, the government importing monopoly for all tobacco in Iceland. Consumption of tobacco in cigars is quite substantial in Iceland, but unless its share of total tobacco changed markedly over either of these two short periods, the cigarette volume index would be a good guide to the total tobacco volume index. It should be remembered that the weight assigned to Iceland in the study was only 2 per cent of the total of the six ban countries.

Portugal

As Portugal has submitted no PFCE's on tobacco to the OECD, direct data had to be used for all 27 years. Figures for millions of cigarettes, and tonnes of handrolling tobacco, together with retail prices, were supplied by the market research department of Tabaqueira, the government tobacco monopoly, for the years 1970 to 1990. Cigarette consumption figures for 1964 to 1969 were interpolated from the 1960, 1965 and 1970 per capita consumption figures given in OECD (1985). Price figures were taken from the same publication. In Portugal cigarettes are quite cheap, and in 1972, the last year for which figures are available (Lee, 1975), the non- cigarette tobacco consumption consisted of one cigar per 9,000 cigarettes consumed. If this sector has since increased its importance, then tobacco consumption would have risen faster than the cigarette consumption used for this study. The use of cigarette data would thus tend to under-estimate the positive effect of advertising bans on tobacco consumption.

Direct data was also used, in whole or in part, for 8 of the 16 non-ban countries, as follows:

Japan

No tobacco data has ever been submitted to the OECD, so data from a history, (in six volumes of over 2000 pages), of the Japan Tobacco & Salt Public Corporation was obtained. Figures for 1964 to 1969 are from Senbaishi (1978), and for 1970 to 1984 from Senbaishi (1990). Those for 1985 to 1990 are taken from a public release by the Tobacco Institute of Japan. Prices are controlled by law and no discounting is allowed. The price figures were supplied by the Management and Coordination Agency, The Prime Minister's Office. According to Lee (1975) cigarettes accounted for 99.8 per cent of tobacco in 1973. Japan accounts for 18 per cent of the population of OECD countries which have not banned advertising, so it is fortunate that full and meticulous data is available, albeit not via the OECD.

Australia

Non-OECD data was used only for 1964-1969 and 1989. Cigarette consumption data was pooled manufacturers' sales to the retail trade, with half of the loose tobacco weight being assumed to be for handrolling cigarettes. The price index for tobacco was taken from Australian Bureau of Statistics Publications Cat # 6401. Australia accounts for 2 per cent of the population of the non-ban OECD countries.

New Zealand

Although OECD data was published for 1982 to 1988, the direct time series has been used throughout, rather than interrupting it for just 7 years of OECD data. The consumption data were compiled by the Information Consultancy Group, Department of Statistics, from annual and monthly Abstracts of Statistics, and are calculated from production for domestic consumption plus imports. The price data was compiled by the Prices Section of the Department of Statistics using prices collected from selected retail outlets for inclusion in the Consumers Price Index. Lee (1975) shows no consumption of tobacco in 1973 except in the form of cigarettes and loose tobacco. Half of the loose tobacco consumption was assumed to be used for hand rolling cigarettes. New Zealand accounts for 0.5 per cent of the population of non-ban OECD countries.

Denmark

Non-OECD data was used only for the first two years of the study, 1964 and 1965. The figures are production for domestic consumption plus imports. The numbers of hand rolled cigarettes are estimated from the number of cigarette papers sold less 5 per cent. The price series was based on the price of the dominant brand of cigarette. Denmark accounts for 0.8 per cent of the population of non-ban OECD countries.

Ireland

Non-OECD data was used only for the first 6 and last 2 years. Consumption data was based on pooled manufacturers' sales to the retail trade, and was not available for 1964 and 1965. These two years were estimated by backcasting using the 2.6 per cent annual average growth over the years 1966 to 1970. The price series was based on the retail price of a single major brand of cigarette, and of handrolling tobacco. These prices were not available prior to 1972, so they were backcasted using the PFCE price index, i.e. assuming no change in real price. The non-OECD data for Ireland is clearly less than completely satisfactory but it was used for only 8 out of the 27 years and Ireland accounts for only 0.5 per cent of the population of non-ban OECD countries.

Netherlands

Direct data was used only for the first 5 years of the study. The source of the consumption data for cigarettes and smoking tobacco, based on fiscal stamps, was the Ministry of Finance, Dienst Zegelwaarden. The price data was based on the most popular price of a single major brand of cigarettes and of rolling tobacco. Other forms of tobacco consumption are significant; Lee (1975) shows cigars and cigarillos declining from 26 per cent to 22 per cent over the 1964 to 1969 period for which non-OECD data was used. Thus the 4 per cent increase in the cigarette consumption figures used in this study over these years slightly overstates the increase in tobacco consumption. Netherlands accounts for 2.2 per cent of the population of non-ban OECD countries.

Spain

Although OECD data was published for 1986 and 1987, the direct data has been used throughout, rather than interrupt the series for just two years. The source of the data is a publication of the Spanish government tobacco monopoly Tabacalera (1990). Data for 1990 show that cut loose tobacco and cigars are less than 1 per cent of tobacco consumption. Spain accounts for 5.6 per cent of the population of non-ban OECD countries.

Switzerland

No OECD data has been published, so figures from the Swiss Cigarette Manufacturers' Association had to be used for all years. Switzerland accounts for 1.1 per cent of the population of non-ban OECD countries.

Back to text reference to Tables 4 - 8

Table 4 - Annual grams of Tobacco Sold per Adult (15+)

               1     2     3     4     5     6     7     8     9    10    11    12
             CAN   USA   JAP   AUS    NZ   AUT   BEL   DEN   FIN   FRA   GER   GRE

   1  1964  3975  4368  2295  3333  2749  1663  2639  2626  1860  1842  1994  1501
   2  1965  4095  4417  2385  3395  2805  1757  2787  2667  1988  1937  2083  1595
   3  1966  4158  4387  2478  3496  2974  1895  2874  2715  2021  1984  2157  1731
   4  1967  4168  4355  2593  3370  2855  1974  2900  2636  2098  2076  2141  1812
   5  1968  3971  4254  2587  3501  2861  2054  2926  2537  2067  2155  2236  1911
   6  1969  3879  4077  2738  3599  2867  2165  2992  2607  2149  2211  2351  2008
   7  1970  4056  4107  2821  3650  2869  2320  3049  2509  2106  2309  2439  2135
   8  1971  4040  4072  2948  3593  2879  2461  3169  2362  2182  2310  2560  2226
   9  1972  4089  4113  3127  3536  3000  2399  3271  2474  2303  2325  2624  2422
  10  1973  4139  4238  3270  3505  2888  2616  3392  2527  2226  2399  2521  2628
  11  1974  4152  4225  3451  3527  2928  2630  3350  2443  2266  2554  2546  2804
  12  1975  4127  4138  3480  3469  3080  2537  3169  2405  2243  2685  2503  2856
  13  1976  4008  4342  3419  3447  3022  2556  3088  2555  1908  2694  2537  3062
  14  1977  3990  4117  3524  3337  3024  2599  2961  2550  1948  2804  2338  3231
  15  1978  3805  3979  3499  3238  2968  2671  2640  2464  1932  2774  2460  3416
  16  1979  3901  4036  3525  3112  2865  2773  2752  2484  2003  2911  2516  3501
  17  1980  3873  3965  3448  3139  2760  2748  2726  2318  1956  2959  2564  3592
  18  1981  3890  3966  3457  3175  2801  2766  2660  2346  1846  2977  2615  3910
  19  1982  3825  3815  3448  2884  2734  2726  2855  2574  1912  3019  2409  4315
  20  1983  3619  3622  3369  2726  2678  2767  2757  2425  1972  3083  2424  4422
  21  1984  3399  3634  3338  2638  2697  2716  2781  2482  2056  3171  2426  4658
  22  1985  3255  3577  3276  2583  2414  2743  2593  2411  1870  3322  2447  4845
  23  1986  2985  3460  3213  2559  2209  2742  2482  2394  1968  3303  2407  5113
  24  1987  2823  3392  3174  2516  2237  2690  2321  2252  2083  3311  2412  5143
  25  1988  2817  3199  3108  2444  2212  2580  2351  2230  2061  3271  2440  4932
  26  1989  2733  3171  3149  2412  1767  2542  2223  2089  2143  3340  2431  4889
  27  1990  2566  3020  3199  2412  1841  2595  2195  2133  2070  3353  2438  4929

Back to Canadian worked example

              13    14    15    16    17    18    19    20    21    22    23    24
             ICE   IRE   ITA   LUX   NET   NOR   POR   SPA   SWE   SWI   TUR    UK

   1  1964  1661  2845  1192     0  4615  1853  1291  1764  1756  2958     0  2866
   2  1965  1832  2901  1228     0  5467  1908  1292  1892  1810  3003     0  2870
   3  1966  2026  2956  1329     0  4618  1974  1337  1944  1893  2427     0  2949
   4  1967  2104  3034  1396     0  5117  1958  1385  2003  1848  2747     0  2954
   5  1968  2018  3037  1521     0  5467  2043  1433  2064  1916  2905     0  2951
   6  1969  1802  3134  1622     0  5009  2117  1485  2051  1961  3118     0  2910
   7  1970  1970  3156  1713     0  5118  2057  1538  2148  1909  3466     0  2894
   8  1971  2080  3070  1753     0  4866  1964  1491  2161  1794  3749     0  2783
   9  1972  2111  3210  1888     0  5430  2048  1564  2182  1827  3888     0  2923
  10  1973  2102  3257  2055     0  5893  2028  1674  2296  1756  3398     0  3088
  11  1974  2380  3510  2239     0  5837  1975  1800  2416  1943  3376     0  3037
  12  1975  2286  3224  2378     0  5853  1976  1893  2301  1990  3151     0  2876
  13  1976  2342  3287  2477     0  5565  1937  1832  2455  2042  3093     0  2759
  14  1977  2194  3092  2570     0  5952  1918  1895  2559  1890  3191     0  2618
  15  1978  2211  3339  2529     0  5655  1840  1849  2390  1936  3079     0  2575
  16  1979  2247  3201  2724     0  5699  1926  1761  2614  1966  2990     0  2548
  17  1980  2253  3130  2762     0  5200  1995  1703  2576  1940  3034     0  2462
  18  1981  2366  3026  2778     0  4931  1770  1758  2315  1857  3064     0  2270
  19  1982  2356  2764  2775     0  4764  1585  1817  2436  1950  3090     0  2085
  20  1983  2443  2695  2774     0  4616  1595  1822  2471  1866  3093     0  2050
  21  1984  2463  2728  2840     0  4240  1653  1781  2537  1861  3035     0  1971
  22  1985  2202  2605  2881     0  4117  1789  1770  2669  1817  2939     0  1909
  23  1986  2237  2347  2913     0  4037  1876  1777  2593  1810  2922     0  1849
  24  1987  2279  2387  2705     0  3922  1871  1802  2634  1777  2913     0  1830
  25  1988  2203  2318  2670     0  3721  1892  1798  2530  1805  2895     0  1829
  26  1989  2103  2262  2683     0  3726  1907  1800  2566  1766  2901     0  1829
  27  1990  2080  2401  2489     0  3776  1918  1861  2623  1724  2875     0  1839

Back to start of article

Table 5 - Real Price of 20 grams of Tobacco (20 Cigarettes) in 1990 U.S. Cents

               1     2     3     4     5     6     7     8     9    10    11    12
             CAN   USA   JAP   AUS    NZ   AUT   BEL   DEN   FIN   FRA   GER   GRE

   1  1964   128   103   159   124   187   183    96   319   193   117   184   143
   2  1965   128   105   152   133   185   183    96   316   187   114   178   151
   3  1966   127   105   144   135   191   181    92   314   187   111   173   148
   4  1967   127   105   137   131   178   174    97   316   192   107   183   157
   5  1968   137   106   130   146   176   170   102   335   192   107   181   154
   6  1969   138   108   125   139   178   166    99   318   181   105   174   150
   7  1970   133   110   117   137   184   159    95   300   173   100   161   143
   8  1971   132   109   111   141   176   150    96   301   171    94   150   139
   9  1972   128   109   105   143   160   158    93   283   166    93   150   132
  10  1973   123   105    93   142   149   146    92   274   158    93   159   111
  11  1974   112   101    77   138   149   135    93   267   133    83   148    97
  12  1975   114    98    81   144   140   142    97   247   133    75   145   104
  13  1976   115    97   100   136   145   150   103   244   165    73   144    98
  14  1977   116    95    94   128   135   157   111   256   161    72   160    91
  15  1978   122    93    90   136   124   149   118   258   167    71   153    87
  16  1979   117    91    87   137   128   145   115   260   171    70   151    82
  17  1980   116    90   100   130   130   144   115   264   172    71   148    79
  18  1981   119    88    99   126   128   143   119   249   174    73   142    76
  19  1982   126    92    97   134   144   152   124   228   182    79   160    73
  20  1983   142   107   107   149   142   155   132   247   187    78   171    75
  21  1984   154   110   106   154   140   161   135   248   183    77   165    77
  22  1985   176   113   105   162   150   162   138   254   185    72   164    74
  23  1986   201   118   113   169   199   160   141   256   186    73   163    74
  24  1987   209   123   115   170   190   160   145   248   187    75   160    76
  25  1988   215   130   114   173   195   163   144   244   194    79   159    94
  26  1989   242   141   112   178   228   161   149   235   192    79   163    96
  27  1990   264   153   110   195   238   155   153   231   202    82   164   105

Back to the Canadian worked example

              13    14    15    16    17    18    19    20    21    22    23    24
             ICE   IRE   ITA   LUX   NET   NOR   POR   SPA   SWE   SWI   TUR    UK

   1  1964   258   240   263     0    87   215    70    75   218   165     0   273
   2  1965   271   238   252     0    85   214    67    72   223   159     0   274
   3  1966   237   236   248     0    92   213    74    73   224   176     0   267
   4  1967   242   237   238     0    91   214    81    75   238   168     0   261
   5  1968   282   237   233     0    88   206    86    79   237   163     0   262
   6  1969   293   235   233     0    94   199    89    84   231   159     0   270
   7  1970   255   241   222     0    86   191    94    85   238   152     0   259
   8  1971   239   226   209     0    83   208   100    84   241   139     0   239
   9  1972   269   199   196     0    77   206    92    82   230   135     0   223
  10  1973   253   186   174     0    72   212    84    75   238   133     0   211
  11  1974   193   180   151     0    68   198   111    69   218   139     0   214
  12  1975   216   197   141     0    68   196   202    77   210   130     0   217
  13  1976   200   184   130     0    70   205   148    69   201   126     0   221
  14  1977   203   170   123     0    65   194   117    60   207   126     0   238
  15  1978   219   158   124     0    70   209   137    61   200   134     0   231
  16  1979   225   163   118     0    69   197   143    58   191   132     0   221
  17  1980   245   177   112     0    73   177   151    58   195   134     0   216
  18  1981   234   192   114     0    75   201   155    73   194   125     0   239
  19  1982   233   222   128     0    73   225   175    75   186   127     0   257
  20  1983   193   234   131     0    76   236   177    80   192   123     0   261
  21  1984   225   243   128     0    85   234   161    81   199   130     0   275
  22  1985   255   254   127     0    85   234   163    81   200   136     0   283
  23  1986   240   264   124     0    84   261   153    83   191   131     0   299
  24  1987   246   279   129     0    89   275   155    85   196   128     0   294
  25  1988   250   276   131     0    89   281   153    86   201   125     0   285
  26  1989   261   272   131     0    87   275   157    83   210   124     0   275
  27  1990   271   260   132     0    87   287   160    80   197   124     0   277

Back to start of article

Table 6 - Per Capita Private Final Consumption Expenditure in 1990 U.S. Dollars

               1     2     3     4     5     6     7     8     9    10    11    12
             CAN   USA   JAP   AUS    NZ   AUT   BEL   DEN   FIN   FRA   GER   GRE

   1  1964  5662  7869  3298  5367  6156  3786  4654  5470  3853  4823  4416  2075
   2  1965  5906  8215  3453  5459  6396  3951  4811  5615  4053  4969  4661  2221
   3  1966  6098  8528  3769  5553  6543  4089  4908  5805  4139  5164  4761  2355
   4  1967  6233  8684  4111  5760  6178  4200  5018  5922  4203  5387  4800  2470
   5  1968  6415  9043  4414  5963  6264  4349  5262  6005  4192  5564  5015  2632
   6  1969  6647  9274  4810  6189  6551  4460  5528  6346  4644  5852  5362  2785
   7  1970  6678  9377  5095  6368  6757  4629  5772  6521  5012  6048  5709  3026
   8  1971  6994  9571  5335  6485  6686  4916  6030  6428  5091  6272  5947  3180
   9  1972  7437 10086  5752  6644  7032  5187  6363  6496  5485  6524  6174  3377
  10  1973  7899 10412  6145  6967  7479  5434  6832  6772  5777  6802  6327  3620
  11  1974  8240 10202  6043  7113  7622  5591  6996  6548  5846  6820  6358  3632
  12  1975  8500 10315  6233  7309  7433  5787  7019  6769  6010  6965  6589  3792
  13  1976  8946 10783  6373  7439  7123  6059  7342  7287  6045  7272  6869  3943
  14  1977  9113 11151  6586  7452  6864  6385  7509  7337  5953  7423  7173  4056
  15  1978  9332 11476  6876  7610  6989  6295  7678  7370  6086  7679  7463  4234
  16  1979  9505 11597  7259  7724  6932  6583  8040  7454  6402  7863  7725  4293
  17  1980  9592 11432  7303  7888  6903  6685  8198  7166  6509  7900  7795  4256
  18  1981  9690 11488  7342  8086  7016  6693  8102  7012  6564  7994  7740  4303
  19  1982  9352 11490  7598  8161  6856  6768  8207  7111  6832  8206  7642  4446
  20  1983  9593 11956  7785  8165  6939  7120  8067  7308  6961  8237  7805  4429
  21  1984  9960 12416  7948  8311  7137  7119  8167  7557  7115  8289  7949  4480
  22  1985 10395 12878  8119  8587  7163  7282  8322  7926  7313  8432  8082  4641
  23  1986 10770 13276  8320  8574  7386  7406  8519  8367  7588  8709  8351  4659
  24  1987 11137 13504  8624  8636  7501  7607  8763  8214  8002  8898  8624  4687
  25  1988 11484 13873  9035  8813  7604  7826  8998  8067  8378  9116  8805  4832
  26  1989 11778 14009  9309  9083  7598  8048  9279  8033  8676  9336  8879  5009
  27  1990 11791 14010  9642  9197  7495  8353  9570  8094  8657  9578  9181  5103


              13    14    15    16    17    18    19    20    21    22    23    24
             ICE   IRE   ITA   LUX   NET   NOR   POR   SPA   SWE   SWI   TUR    UK

   1  1964  4608  3259  3714     0  4614  4381  2173  3355  5754  7218     0  5290
   2  1965  4889  3269  3808     0  4896  4454  2272  3550  5944  7392     0  5337
   3  1966  5420  3307  4051     0  4989  4579  2297  3751  6004  7544     0  5399
   4  1967  5421  3411  4326     0  5196  4718  2280  3931  6089  7676     0  5498
   5  1968  5076  3705  4521     0  5484  4842  2882  4114  6309  7892     0  5626
   6  1969  4773  3886  4790     0  5847  5176  3193  4355  6541  8210     0  5633
   7  1970  5490  3814  5113     0  6205  5139  3293  4494  6705  8576     0  5777
   8  1971  6393  3898  5255     0  6332  5339  3734  4682  6668  8874     0  5932
   9  1972  6759  4040  5393     0  6491  5452  3895  5024  6871  9276     0  6288
  10  1973  7016  4258  5735     0  6693  5574  4361  5365  7034  9474     0  6608
  11  1974  7635  4259  5911     0  6886  5751  4720  5582  7252  9404     0  6511
  12  1975  6801  4225  5886     0  7051  6012  4543  5625  7429  9207     0  6480
  13  1976  7111  4274  6151     0  7369  6349  4591  5864  7709  9408     0  6513
  14  1977  7951  4502  6351     0  7656  6762  4568  5888  7604  9716     0  6484
  15  1978  8628  4849  6507     0  7945  6626  4443  5877  7527  9907     0  6852
  16  1979  8751  4983  6946     0  8119  6811  4403  5897  7689 10008     0  7138
  17  1980  8971  4955  7355     0  8055  6951  4520  5883  7611 10213     0  7135
  18  1981  9481  4978  7464     0  7840  7003  4615  5791  7560 10197     0  7135
  19  1982  9849  4579  7526     0  7699  7106  4688  5770  7612 10137     0  7212
  20  1983  9133  4585  7533     0  7718  7191  4585  5755  7439 10283     0  7532
  21  1984  9310  4645  7686     0  7751  7362  4416  5713  7556 10405     0  7643
  22  1985  9688  4794  7912     0  7897  8067  4414  5823  7754 10507     0  7894
  23  1986 10377  4888  8255     0  8105  8486  4629  6007  8137 10736     0  8370
  24  1987 11931  4997  8617     0  8370  8376  4858  6328  8480 10889     0  8793
  25  1988 11264  5127  8986     0  8440  8115  5166  6595  8649 11029     0  9407
  26  1989 10244  5426  9343     0  8531  7924  5317  6927  8652 11170     0  9744
  27  1990 10123  5631  9581     0  8796  8097  5556  7152  8568 11307     0  9847

Back to text reference to Table 6 Back to start of article

Table 7 - Unemployed Persons per 1000 Members of the Workforce

               1     2     3     4     5     6     7     8     9    10    11    12
             CAN   USA   JAP   AUS    NZ   AUT   BEL   DEN   FIN   FRA   GER   GRE

   1  1964    45    48    13    19     1    18    20    16    16    15     6    52
   2  1965    39    42    13    18     1    17    19    15    15    16     6    51
   3  1966    33    38    13    17     1    16    18    14    15    16     5    50
   4  1967    38    38    13    19     1    17    25    13    29    21    14    54
   5  1968    45    35    12    19     8    18    29    13    39    27    10    56
   6  1969    44    35    11    16     3    18    23    12    28    23     6    46
   7  1970    56    49    11    15     1    13    19     7    19    25     5    36
   8  1971    62    60    12    19     3    11    18    16    22    27     7    31
   9  1972    62    56    14    26     5    10    23    16    25    28     7    21
  10  1973    55    49    13    23     2    10    24    10    23    27     6    20
  11  1974    53    56    14    27     1    12    25    23    17    29    13    21
  12  1975    69    83    19    49     3    15    45    53    22    42    31    23
  13  1976    71    77    20    47     4    16    59    53    39    45    32    19
  14  1977    81    70    20    56     6    14    67    64    59    50    33    17
  15  1978    83    61    22    63    17    17    72    73    73    53    31    18
  16  1979    74    58    21    62    19    17    75    62    60    60    29    19
  17  1980    75    72    20    60    27    15    79    70    47    63    25    28
  18  1981    76    76    22    57    35    21   102    92    49    75    34    40
  19  1982   110    97    23    71    37    31   119    98    54    82    50    58
  20  1983   118    96    27    99    54    37   132   104    54    84    66    78
  21  1984   112    75    27    89    46    38   132   101    52    98    71    81
  22  1985   105    72    26    82    36    36   123    90    50   102    72    78
  23  1986    95    70    28    80    40    31   116    78    54   104    64    74
  24  1987    88    62    29    80    41    38   113    78    51   105    62    74
  25  1988    78    55    25    71    56    36   103    86    45   100    62    77
  26  1989    75    53    23    61    71    32    93    93    35    94    56    75
  27  1990    81    55    21    69    78    33    88    96    34    90    51    77


              13    14    15    16    17    18    19    20    21    22    23    24
             ICE   IRE   ITA   LUX   NET   NOR   POR   SPA   SWE   SWI   TUR    UK

   1  1964     0    48    52     2     6    10    24    22    13     2    83    14
   2  1965     0    47    56     3     6     9    25    22    13     1    82    13
   3  1966     0    46    59     8     6     8    25    21    13     0    82    11
   4  1967    13    50    55     8    13     7    25    29    18     0    88    20
   5  1968    13    53    58     8    12    11    26    29    19     0    92    22
   6  1969    25    50    58     0    17    10    29    14    16     0    97    20
   7  1970    13    58    55     0    17     8    28    15    13     0   105    22
   8  1971     6    55    55     0     8    14    21     5    21     0    78    29
   9  1972     5    62    64     0    14    17    21     7    22     0    76    31
  10  1973     4    57    64     0    14    15    22    10    20     0    79    21
  11  1974     4    53    54     1    17    14    28    17    16     0    84    22
  12  1975     5    73    59     2    33    22    35    34    13     3    87    36
  13  1976     5    90    67     3    35    18    58    43    13     6    79    48
  14  1977     3    88    72     5    34    14    71    52    15     4    75    52
  15  1978     4    82    73     8    34    18    79    70    18     3    78    49
  16  1979     4    71    78     7    35    19    82    86    17     3    97    45
  17  1980     3    73    77     7    41    17    80   115    16     2   116    61
  18  1981     4    99    85    10    63    20    77   143    21     2   116    91
  19  1982     7   114    92    13    88    27    75   164    26     4   123   104
  20  1983    10   140   100    16   112    34    79   182    29     8   121   112
  21  1984    13   155   101    17   112    32    86   201    26     9   118   114
  22  1985     9   174   102    16   100    26    87   215    24     8   113   116
  23  1986     6   174   112    14    92    20    86   210    22     7   105   118
  24  1987     5   175   121    16    87    21    71   205    19     6    95   104
  25  1988     6   167   122    14    83    32    57   195    16     7    98    82
  26  1989    17   156   121    14    74    49    50   173    14     6   102    62
  27  1990    17   140   110    13    65    52    46   162    15     6   101    55

Back to text reference to Table 7 Back to start of article

Table 8 - Age Profile Adjustment Factor times 1000

               1     2     3     4     5     6     7     8     9    10    11    12
             CAN   USA   JAP   AUS    NZ   AUT   BEL   DEN   FIN   FRA   GER   GRE

   1  1964  1033  1015  1057  1029  1023   986   992  1004  1032   990  1005  1033
   2  1965  1032  1014  1057  1028  1024   984   990  1003  1030   988  1002  1030
   3  1966  1032  1013  1057  1028  1024   983   988  1001  1029   987  1000  1026
   4  1967  1032  1012  1058  1029  1024   981   987  1001  1028   987   997  1021
   5  1968  1032  1012  1058  1029  1022   980   987   999  1028   987   994  1016
   6  1969  1032  1012  1059  1030  1021   979   987   998  1026   988   992  1012
   7  1970  1032  1011  1059  1030  1021   978   987   997  1026   988   990  1007
   8  1971  1032  1010  1059  1030  1021   977   986   995  1025   988   989  1005
   9  1972  1031  1010  1058  1030  1021   976   986   993  1025   989   988  1003
  10  1973  1030  1009  1058  1030  1022   975   986   992  1023   989   987  1002
  11  1974  1030  1008  1056  1029  1023   975   987   990  1022   989   987  1001
  12  1975  1029  1008  1054  1028  1021   974   986   988  1021   989   986  1000
  13  1976  1028  1007  1053  1027  1020   974   986   985  1019   988   985   999
  14  1977  1027  1007  1050  1026  1019   974   986   985  1017   987   983   998
  15  1978  1026  1007  1048  1025  1016   974   986   983  1014   986   982   997
  16  1979  1026  1006  1045  1024  1015   974   986   981  1012   986   981   996
  17  1980  1026  1006  1042  1023  1013   974   986   980  1011   985   980   995
  18  1981  1026  1006  1038  1023  1013   976   985   980  1009   985   980   995
  19  1982  1026  1007  1035  1022  1014   976   985   980  1008   985   980   994
  20  1983  1026  1007  1032  1022  1013   977   985   980  1007   986   981   994
  21  1984  1026  1007  1028  1022  1013   979   984   981  1006   986   982   993
  22  1985  1026  1007  1025  1022  1014   980   984   980  1006   987   983   992
  23  1986  1025  1007  1022  1021  1014   981   984   982  1006   987   984   991
  24  1987  1024  1007  1018  1021  1015   983   983   982  1006   987   985   990
  25  1988  1023  1007  1016  1021  1016   984   983   983  1005   988   986   988
  26  1989  1022  1007  1013  1020  1017   985   983   983  1004   988   986   986
  27  1990  1020  1007  1010  1020  1017   986   983   984  1004   988   986   985


              13    14    15    16    17    18    19    20    21    22    23    24
             ICE   IRE   ITA   LUX   NET   NOR   POR   SPA   SWE   SWI   TUR    UK

   1  1964  1031   989  1022   998  1015   996  1032  1035   996  1014   998   998
   2  1965  1024   989  1020   996  1013   995  1030  1033   995  1013   996   996
   3  1966  1024   989  1018   995  1013   993  1028  1031   994  1013   995   995
   4  1967  1001   988  1016   993  1013   992  1026  1028   992  1012   993   993
   5  1968  1013   988  1014   991  1013   989  1024  1025   991  1012   991   991
   6  1969  1006   988  1013   990  1014   988  1022  1022   990  1011   990   990
   7  1970  1007   988  1011   988  1014   987  1020  1020   988  1010   988   988
   8  1971  1010   988  1010   986  1013   984  1019  1019   985  1009   986   986
   9  1972  1014   988  1008   985  1013   983  1018  1018   983  1007   985   985
  10  1973  1029   988  1006   983  1012   981  1017  1017   980  1006   983   983
  11  1974  1008   988  1005   981  1011   980  1017  1017   977  1004   981   981
  12  1975  1008   990  1003   980  1010   978  1016  1016   974  1001   980   980
  13  1976  1008   991  1002   978  1010   976  1016  1016   972   999   978   978
  14  1977  1007   992  1000   976  1009   974  1015  1015   970   997   976   976
  15  1978  1017   993   998   974  1008   973  1014  1014   968   994   974   974
  16  1979  1019   994   996   973  1008   972  1014  1012   966   992   973   973
  17  1980  1014   996   995   972  1007   970  1012  1010   964   990   972   972
  18  1981  1013   997   994   971  1007   969  1009  1007   962   989   971   971
  19  1982  1013   998   994   971  1007   968  1006  1004   959   988   971   971
  20  1983  1016  1000   994   972  1007   967  1003  1000   957   988   972   972
  21  1984  1006  1001   993   972  1007   967  1000   997   955   987   972   972
  22  1985  1018  1002   993   973  1007   967   997   995   954   987   973   973
  23  1986  1014  1005   992   974  1007   967   995   993   954   987   974   974
  24  1987  1021  1006   991   976  1008   968   994   992   954   988   976   976
  25  1988  1017  1008   990   977  1008   968   994   992   955   988   977   977
  26  1989  1016  1011   989   978  1009   969   994   993   956   989   978   978
  27  1990  1020  1012   988   979  1009   969   994   993   957   989   979   979

Back to first text reference to Table 8.

Back to second text reference to Table 8.

Back to reference to Tables 4 - 8

Back to start of article

Copyright © 1996 Abbey Management Services ( Email:mikestrt@dircon.co.uk)


FORCES is supported solely by the efforts of the readers. Please become a member or donate what you can.



Contact Info
Forces Contacts
Media Contacts
Advertisers
Links To Archived Categories

The Evidence
Inside Forces
About Forces
Research
Writers
Book case