Forces
Passive Smoke And Disease

An Incredible Story
Tables On Lung Cancer

PASSIVE SMOKE AND DISEASE: AN INCREDIBLE STORY - Tables on lung cancer

TABLE I

EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES RELATING TO LUNG CANCER
AMONG NONSMOKERS MARRIED TO SMOKERS


AuthorYearLocationSex of
the subjectNumber of
lung cancersAverage Relative RiskRelative Risk
fluctuation (min/max)
(95% confidence interval)
Garfinkel 11981USAF1531.18(0.90 - 1.54)
Chan1982Hong KongF840.75(0.43 - 1.30)
Correa1983USAF
M
22
8
2.07
1.97
(0.81 - 5.25)
(0.38-10.32)
Trichopoulos1983GreeceF772.08(1.20-3.59)
Buffler1984USAF
M
41
11
0.80
0.51
(0.34-1.90)
(0.14-1.79)
Hiramaya1984JapanF
M
200
64
1.45
2.24
(1.02-2.08)
(1.19-4.22)
Kabat 11984USAF
M
24
12
0.79
1.00
(0.25-2.45)
(0.20-5.07)
Garfinkel 21985USAF1341.23(0.81-1.87)
Lam W1985Hong KongF602.01(1.09-3.72)
Wu1985USAF291.20(0.50-3.30)
Akiba1986JapanF
M
94
19
1.50
1.80
(0.90-2.80)
(0.40-7.00)
Lee1986UKF
M
32
15
1.00
1.30
(0.37-2.71)
(0.38-4.39)
Brownson 11987USAF191.68(0.39-6.90)
Gao1987ChinaF2461.19(0.82-1.73)
Humble1987USAF
M
20
8
2.20
4.82
(0.80-6.60)
(0.63-36.56)
Koo1987Hong KongF861.64(0.87-3.09)
Lam T1987Hong KongF1991.65(1.16-2.35)
Pershagen1987SwedenF701.20(0.70-2.10)
Butler1988USAF82.02(0.48-8.56)
Geng1988ChinaF542.16(1.08-4.29)
Inoue1988JapanF222.25(0.80-8.80)
Shimizu1988JapanF901.08(0.64-1.82)
Choi1989KoreaF
M
75
13
1.63
2.73
(0.92-2.87)
(0.49-15.21)
Hole1989ScotlandF
M
6
3
1.89
3.52
(0.22-16.12)
(0.32-38.65)
Svensson1989SwedenF341.26(0.57-2.81)
Janeric1990USAF
M
144
44
0.75
0.75
(0.47-1.20)
(0.31-1.78)
Kalandidi1990GreeceF902.11(1.09-4.08)
Sobue1990JapanF1441.13(0.78-1.63)
Wu-Williams1990ChinaF4170.70(0.60-0.90)
Liu Z1991ChinaF540.77(0.30-1.96)
Brownson 21992USAF4311.00(0.80-1.20)
Stockwell1992USAF621.60(0.80-3.00)
Liu Q1993ChinaF381.66(0.73-3.78)
Du1993ChinaF751.09(0.64-1.85)
Fontham1994USAF6511.29(1.04-1.60)
Layard1994USAF
M
39
21
0.58
1.47
(0.30-1.13)
(0.55-3.94)
Zaridze1994RussiaF1621.66(1.12-2.46)
Kabat 21995USAF
M
67
39
1.08
1.60
(0.60-1.94)
(0.67-3.82)
Schwartz1996USAF
M
185
72
1.10
1.10
(0.72-1.68)
(0.60-2.03)
Sun1996ChinaF2301.16(0.80-1.69)
Wang S-Y1996ChinaF822.53(1.26-5.10)
Wang T-J1996ChinaF1351.11(0.67-1.84)
Cardenas1997USAF
M
150
97
1.20
1.10
(0.80-1.60)
(0.60-1.80)
Jöckel-BIPS1997GermanyF
M
53
18
1.58
1.58
(0.74-3.38)
(0.52-4.81)
Jöckel-GSF1997GermanyF
M
242
62
0.93
0.93
(0.66-1.31)
(0.52-1.67)
Ko1997TaiwanF1051.30(0.70-2.50)
Nyberg1997SwedenF
M
89
35
1.20
1.20
(0.74-1.94)
(0.57-2.55)


The data in this table were obtained from the studies listed. In the Swartz (1996), Jöckel-BIPS (1997) and Nyberg (1997) studies, relative risk and confidence interval data were reported for the sexes combined. These data were separated based on the respective number of cases by sex, assuming the same relative risk for each sex.


TABLE II

EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES RELATING TO LUNG CANCER AMONG
NONSMOKERS REPORTEDLY EXPOSED TO ETS IN THE WORKPLACE

AuthorYearLocationSex of
the subjectAverage Relative RiskRelative Risk
fluctuation (min/max)
(95% confidence interval)
Kabat 11984USAF
M
0.68
3.27
(0.32-1.47)
(1.01-10.62)
Garfinkel 21985USAF

0.93

(0.55-1.55)
Wu1985USAF1.30(0.50-3.30)
Lee1986UKF
M
0.63
1.61
(0.17-2.33)
(0.39-6.60)
Koo1987Hong KongF1.19(0.48-2.95)
Shimizu1988JapanF1.18(0.70-2.01)
Janerich1990USAF & M0.91(0.80-1.04)
Kalandidi1990GreeceF1.70(0.69-4.18)
Wu-Williams1990ChinaF1.10(0.90-1.60)
Brownson 21992USAF0.79(0.61-1.03)
Stockwell1992USAFno statisticallysignificant association
Fontham1994USAF1.39(1.11-1.74)
Zaridze1994RussiaF1.23(0.74-2.06)
Kabat 21995USAF
M
1.15
1.02
(0.62-2.13)
(0.50-2.09)
Schwartz1996USAF & M1.50(1.00-2.20)
Sun1996ChinaF1.38(0.94-2.04)
Wang T-J1996ChinaF0.89(0.46-1.73)
Jöckel-BIPS1997GermanyF & M2.37(1.02-5.48)
Jöckel-GSF1997GermanyF & M1.51(0.95-2.40)
Ko1997TaiwanF1.10(0.40-3.00)
Nyberg1997SwedenF & M1.60(0.90-2.90)


The data in this table were obtained from the studies listed.

TABLE III

EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES RELATING TO LUNG CANCER AMONG
NON-SMOKERS REPORTEDLY EXPOSED TO ETS IN CHILDHOOD

AuthorYearLocationSex of
the subjectAverage Relative RiskRelative Risk
fluctuation (min/max)
(95% confidence interval)
Correa1983USAFno statisticallysignificant association
Garfinkel 21985USAF 0.91(0.74-1.12)
Wu1985USAF0.60(0.20-1.12)
Akiba1986JapanF & Mno statisticallysignificant association
Gao1987ChinaF1.10(0.70-1.70)
Koo1987Hong KongF0.55(0.17-1.77)
Pershagen1987SwedenF1.00(0.40-2.30)
Svenson1989SwedenF3.30(0.50-18.80)
Janarich1990USAF & M1.30(0.85-2.00)
Sobue1990JapanF1.28(0.71-2.31)
Wu-Williams1990ChinaF0.85(0.65-1.12)
Brownson 21992USAF0.80(0.60-1.10)
Stockwell1992USAF1.70(1.00-2.90)
Fontham 1994USAF0.89(0.72-1.10)
Zaridze1994RussiaF0.98(0.66-1.45)
Kabat 21995USAF1.63(0.91-2.92)
Sun1996ChinaF2.29(1.56-3.37)
Wang T-J1996ChinaF0.91(0.56-1.48)
Jöckel-BIPS1997GermanyF & M1.05(0.50-2.22)
Jöckel-GSF1997GermanyF & M0.95(0.64-1.40)
Ko1997TaiwanF0.80(0.40-1.60)


The data in this table were obtained from the studies listed.


TABLE IV

EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES RELATING TO LUNG CANCER AMONG
NON-SMOKERS REPORTEDLY EXPOSED TO ETS IN NON-HOME/NON-WORKPLACE SETTINGS

AuthorYearLocationSex of
the subjectAverage Relative RiskRelative Risk
fluctuation (min/max)
(95% confidence interval)
Garfinkel 21985USAF1.42(0.75-2.70)
Lee1986UKF
M
0.61
1.55
(0.29-1.28)
(0.40-6.02)
Janerich1990USAF & M0.59(0.43-0.81)
Stockwell1992USAFno statisticallysignificant association
Fontham1994USAF1.50(1.19-1.89)
Kabat 21995USAF
M
1.22
1.39
(0.69-2.15)
(0.67-2.86)


The data in this table were obtained from the studies listed.

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