The Evidence
The Addictiveness Of Nicotine

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Absolutelyno one wants you to quit smoking - This research paper demonstratesconclusively that smoking bans, and the other thousands of ill actionsperpetrated against smokers have nothing to do with the passive smokefraud. The creation of an uncomfortable environment for smokers has thefinal goal of forcing the smokers to switch to pharmaceuticalnicotine for the benefit of the pharmaceuticalgangs, who are financing those who instigate the people and the politiciansagainst smoking today, and eating and drinking tomorrow. This paper is a must-read for the cynical clarity used to spell out the exploitationof the hatred and the junk science on smoking for pharmaceutical gain.
Nicotine as an Addictive Substance: A Critical Examination of the Basic Concepts and Empirical - By Dale M. Atrens - An academic paper that analyses in detail the claim that nicotine is addictive, pointing out problems with addiction theory in general.You need Adobe Acrobat to read this document. Click here for a free copy. For more information about Dr. Atrens, see below.
doc04.gif (346 bytes)Drug Addiction as Demonic Possession - "The notion of addiction suffers from major conceptual, definitional and empirical problems. These problems have been detailed in the scientific literature but they remain almost totally ignored. If the criticism is misguided, the errors should be exposed. If the criticism is not misguided, it suggests the need for a radical revision in the way drug problems are approached. Instead of resolving these core issues in a rational and informed manner, addiction advocates simply cover their ears and press on. They convene consensus committees that attempt to legislate the truth. The addiction hypothesis is based on assertion and faith, not evidence and logic. The belief in addiction exists, not because of scientific information, but in spite of it. It is old-fashioned demonology, thinly disguised as science."

This evaluation of the "addiction hypothesis" was written by a respected and experienced neuropsychologist and researcher who is clearly fed with a drug war which has taken on "the trappings of religion" and with the politicizing of science that has come with it.
Dr. Dale Atrens holds a Ph.D. in Neuropsychology from Rutgers University. He has held a number of academic positions in North America, Europe, Australia and Asia, and is presently Reader in Psychobiology at the University of Sydney in Australia. Academic appointments have included that of Visiting Scientist at Rockefeller University, New York, and Scientific Fellow at the Collège de France, Paris and Visiting Professor at New York University/Albert Einstein College of Medicine. 
Dr. Atrens has published extensively in journals of neuroscience and pharmacology, and is the author and co-author of many books, both academic and popular. His most recent (with D.M. Brown, L. and S. Feldman) is The Neurosciences and Behavior, to be published by Blackwell, Oxford, this year. Other books include The Power of Pleasure (2000), Reclaim your body/Reclaim your life (2001), and Don't Diet (1988, with subsequent Danish and Swedish translations). You need Adobe Acrobat to read this document. Click here for a free copy.
Nicotine as an addictive substance: A critical examination of the basic concepts and empirical evidence - Source: Journal of Drug Issues; Publication date: 2001-04-01 - Learn about the addiction myth - or should we say the addiction scam" Although the paper analyses mainly nicotine, the addiction "theory" is applicable to anything imaginable.
doc04.gif (346 bytes)Lack of Efficacy of Transdermal Nicotine in Smoking Cessation - The "patch" does not even work as well as a placebo for quitting smoking after 48 weeks. Most of those studies showing the patch marginally effective were sponsored by  the PHARMACEUTICAL companies -- which have a clear goal to profit by selling nicotine "replacement" drugsHere is a letter written to the New England Journal of Medicine by the Veterans Affairs Medical Center on the lack of efficacy of the patch that the World Health Organization and other anti-smoker groups insist on promoting.
Fact Sheet on Smoking and Addiction - From Forest UK.
doc04.gif (346 bytes)Failing of the Disease Model of Addiction - "Especially during the last four decades, 'addiction' in this extreme pejorative meaning has been portrayed alternatively as a disease or a sin, and has been subject to social and moral sanctions. In an open society of free individuals such a coercion cannot be justified unless the condition is defined precisely by the simultaneous attributes of severe psychotoxicity, severe withdrawal symptoms, and recurrence tied to the loss of self-control and individual volition. Still, these attributes are open-ended, and an explicit metric of severity at which they may trigger social objection has not been clarified. As a consequence, 'addiction' allegations are left to elicit emotional, subjective, and value-laden responses ready to be exploited. A clamorous example is the claim by US officials that cigarette smoking is equal to the abuse of heroin or cocaine. An unequivocal definition of 'addiction' may restore some sense of proportion to official normative intervention." Analysis by Dr. Gio Batta Gori
When Will We Understand That Nicotine Is Not Addictive" - Yet another study discovers the obvious: smoking cessation gadgets do not work in the long run.  Why" The answer is simple: nicotine itself is not addictive, and smoking is a habit -- the habit, like all such behaviors, is psychological, not physical, and it is exerted through association. This view of the smoking habit is of course blasphemy nowadays, for everybody says that nicotine is addictive. But look at the players: 

$$  The pharmaceutical companies support the addiction "model" in order to sell patches and other devices; 

$$  Doctors profit by selling smoking cessation programs; 

$$  The tobacco industry profits when smokers feel they are hopelessly addicted and cannot quit;

$$  The anti-smokers, whose goal is to control 'unacceptable' personal behavior, exaggerate the concept of addiction in order to generate a feeling of guilt, so that smokers (and their families and colleagues) will accept and tolerate the anti-smokers' intrusive intolerance.  

Of course, once the flood gates of mislabeled addictive behavior are opened, it becomes possible (and profitable) to attempt to "control" other behaviors -- over-eating, drinking, etc.


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