Forces
Epa
Mmwr

646 MMWR August 27, 1993

Cigarette Smoking - Continued

TABLE 1. Relative risks* (RR) for death attributed to smoking and smoking-attributable mortality (SAM) for current and former smokers, by disease category and sex - United States, 1990

      Male Female
 
      RR RR
 
Disease category (ICD-9 code)† Current smokers Former smokers SAM Current smokers Former smokers SAM Total
 
Adult diseases (persons aged>35 yrs)
 
Neoplasms
 
Lip, oral cavity, pharynx (140-149) 27.5 8.8 5,033 5.6 2.9 1,442 6,475
 
Esophagus(150) 7.6 5.8 5,668 10.3 3.2 1,616 7,284
 
Pancreas(157) 2.1 1.1 2,667 2.3 1.8 3,447 6,114
 
Larynx (161) 10.5 5.2 2,379 17.8 11.9 611 2,990
 
Trachea, lung, bronchus(162) 22.4 9.4 81,179 11.9 4.7 35,741 116,920
 
Cervix uteri (180) NA§ NA NA 2.1 1.9 1,294 1,294
 
Urinary bladder (188) 2.9 1.9 3,046 2.6 1.9 980 4,026
 
Kidney, other urinary (189) 3.0 2.0 2,866 1.4 1.2 353 3,219
 
Cardiovascular diseases
 
Hypertension (401-404) 1.9 1.3 3,299 1.7 1.2 2,151 5,450
 
Ischemic heart disease(410-414)
 
Persons aged 35-64 yrs 2.8 1.8 26,431 3.0 1.4 7,701 34,132
 
Persons aged > 65 yrs 1.6 1.3 38,918 1.6 1.3 25,871 64,789
 
Other heart diseases (390-398, 415-417, 420-429) 1.9 1.3 23,295 1.7 1.2 12,019 35,314
 
Cerebrovascular diseases (430-438)
 
Persons aged 35-64 yrs 3.7 1.4 4,557 4.8 1.4 4,114 8,671
 
Persons aged > 65 yrs 1.9 1.3 10,421 1.5 1.0 4,189 14,610
 
Atherosclerosis (440) 4.1 2.3 3,737 3.0 1.3 2,675 6,412
 
Aortic aneurysm (441) 4.1 2.3 5,913 3.0 1.3 1,382 7,295
 
Other arterial disease (442-448) 4.1 2.3 2,032 3.0 1.3 1,115 3,147
 
Respiratory diseases
 
Pneumonia and influenza (480-487) 2.0 1.6 11,292 2.2 1.4 7,881 19,173
 
Bronchitis, emphysema (491-492) 9.7 8.8 9,324 10.5 7.0 5,541 14,865
 
Chronic airway obstruction (496) 9.7 8.8 30,385 10.5 7.0 18,597 48,982
 
Other respiratory diseases (010-012, 493) 2.0 1.6 787 2.2 1.4 668 1,455
 
Pediatric diseases (persons aged

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